Performance Data

The National Board of Medical Examiners publishes USMLE performance data in its annual reports. Most of the data presented here are excerpted from those publications.

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2020 Performance Data

USMLE Administration, Minimum Passing Scores, and Performance

Continuous test administration of the USMLE is available to all examinees. For Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3, which are the computer-based testing (CBT) components of the USMLE program, test scheduling and delivery are provided by Prometric. These CBT examinations are currently administered at more than 345 US/Canadian Prometric test centers and approximately 110 international Prometric test centers. Additional test centers are located at six medical schools in the United States. The Step 1 and Step 2 CK examinations are administered worldwide; the Step 3 examination is administered only in the United States.

For each of the Step examinations, once the registration process is completed, applicants make their own appointment to take the examination at a location and time most convenient to their schedule. Examination results are processed continuously, and scores are reported weekly. Individual score reports are made available to examinees via a secure website.

A pass or fail result is provided, as a USMLE recommendation, for each examinee. Passing results are based on achievement of specified levels of proficiency established prior to administration of examinations. Statistical procedures are employed to insure that for each Step, the level of proficiency required to pass remains uniform across forms of the examination. As noted in the USMLE Bulletin of Information, the score required to meet the recommended level of proficiency is reviewed periodically and may be adjusted without prior notice. Notice of adjustments is posted in the USMLE Announcements. The USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines provides score interpretation information for Step 1, Step CK and Step 3 examinations.

Step 1

Step 1 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2019 Number Tested 2019 Percent Passing 2020* Number Tested 2020* Percent Passing
MD Degree 22,146 96% 20,343 97%
1st Takers 21,308 97% 19,772 98%
Repeaters** 838 66% 571 67%
DO Degree 4,837 96% 5,274 95%
1st Takers 4,794 96% 5,235 96%
Repeaters** 43 67% 39 74%
Total 26,983 96% 25,617 97%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2019 Number Tested 2019 Percent Passing 2020* Number Tested 2020* Percent Passing
1st Takers 14,046 82% 11,742 87%
Repeaters** 2,019 45% 1,375 50%
Total 16,065 78% 13,117 83%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2020 and reported through February 3, 2021.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CK

Step 2 CK Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2018 - 2019 Number Tested 2018 - 2019 Percent Passing 2020* Number Tested 2020* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,721 97% 18,574 98%
1st Takers 21,093 98% 18,138 98%
Repeaters** 628 72% 436 76%
DO Degree 3,476 97% 3,362 97%
1st Takers 3,445 97% 3,341 97%
Repeaters** 31 74% 21 71%
Total 25,197 97% 21,936 98%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2018 - 2019 Number Tested 2018 - 2019 Percent Passing 2019 - 2020* Number Tested 2019 - 2020* Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,082 87% 9,123 90%
Repeaters** 1,859 57% 1,172 59%
Total 12,941 82% 10,295 87%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30 whose scores were reported through February 3, 2021.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CS

Step 2 CS Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2018 - 2019 Number Tested 2018 - 2019 Percent Passing 2019 - 2020* Number Tested 2019 - 2020* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,910 95% 17,174 95%
1st Takers 20,740 95% 16,265 95%
Repeaters** 1,170 87% 909 88%
DO Degree 44 86% 37 87%
1st Takers 41 85% 35 89%
Repeaters** 3 2
Total 21,954 95% 17,211 95%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2018 - 2019 Number Tested 2018 - 2019 Percent Passing 2019 - 2020* Number Tested 2019 - 2020* Percent Passing
1st Takers 10,648 77% 5,702 75%
Repeaters** 2,535 66% 1,737 68%
Total 13,183 75% 7,439 73%

* Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, all Step 2 CS testing was suspended on March 16, 2020, resulting in a shortened testing window during the 2019-2020 academic year.

** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CS Administrations 2018 - 2020¹ First Taker Passing Rates² for Subcomponents: Integrated Clinical Encounter (ICE), Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS), Spoken English Proficiency (SEP)
Schools 2018-2019 ICE 2018-2019 CIS 2018-2019 SEP 2019-2020³ ICE 2019-2020³ CIS 2019-2020³ SEP
All US/Canadian Schools 96% 99% >99% 96% 99% >99%
All Non-US/Canadian Schools 82% 95% 94% 82% 96% 92%

¹ Data for Step 2 CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1, 2018 to June 30, 2019 and July 1, 2019 to March 13, 2020.
² >99% is used to signify those passing rates that would otherwise round up to 100%.
³ Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, all Step 2 CS testing was suspended on March 16, 2020, resulting in a shortened testing window during the 2019-2020 academic year.

Step 3

Step 3 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2019 Number Tested 2019 Percent Passing 2020* Number Tested 2020* Percent Passing
MD Degree 20,611 98% 17,316 97%
1st Takers 20,023 98% 16,944 98%
Repeaters** 588 74% 372 73%
DO Degree 13 100% 11 91%
1st Takers 12 100% 11 91%
Repeaters** 1 100% 0
Total 20,624 98% 17,327 97%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2019 Number Tested 2020* Percent Passing 2019 Number Tested 2020* Percent Passing
1st Takers 9,111 92% 7,192 90%
Repeaters** 1,235 64% 913 57%
Total 10,346 89% 8,105 86%

* Represents data for examinees who tested in 2020 and reported through February 3, 2021.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.
N/A - not applicable.

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2019 Performance Data

USMLE Administration, Minimum Passing Scores, and Performance

Continuous test administration of the USMLE is available to all examinees. For Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3, which are the computer-based testing (CBT) components of the USMLE program, test scheduling and delivery are provided by Prometric. These CBT examinations are currently administered at more than 345 US/Canadian Prometric test centers and approximately 110 international Prometric test centers. Additional test centers are located at six medical schools in the United States. The Step 1 and Step 2 CK examinations are administered worldwide; the Step 3 examination is administered only in the United States.

For each of the Step examinations, once the registration process is completed, applicants make their own appointment to take the examination at a location and time most convenient to their schedule. Examination results are processed continuously, and scores are reported weekly. Individual score reports are made available to examinees via a secure website.

A pass or fail result is provided, as a USMLE recommendation, for each examinee. Passing results are based on achievement of specified levels of proficiency established prior to administration of examinations. Statistical procedures are employed to insure that for each Step, the level of proficiency required to pass remains uniform across forms of the examination. As noted in the USMLE Bulletin of Information, the score required to meet the recommended level of proficiency is reviewed periodically and may be adjusted without prior notice. Notice of adjustments is posted in the USMLE Announcements. The USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines provides score interpretation information for Step 1, Step CK and Step 3 examinations.

Step 1

Step 1 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2018 Number Tested 2018 Percent Passing 2019* Number Tested 2019* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,611 95% 22,146 96%
1st Takers 20,670 96% 21,308 97%
Repeaters** 941 67% 838 66%
DO Degree 4,136 96% 4,837 96%
1st Takers 4,092 96% 4,794 96%
Repeaters** 44 73% 43 67%
Total 25,747 95% 26,983 96%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2018 Number Tested 2018 Percent Passing 2019* Number Tested 2019* Percent Passing
1st Takers 14,332 80% 14,046 82%
Repeaters** 2,111 44% 2,019 45%
Total 16,443 75% 16,065 78%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2019 and reported through January 29, 2020.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CK

Step 2 CK Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2017 - 2018 Number Tested 2017 - 2018 Percent Passing 2018 - 2019* Number Tested 2018 - 2019* Percent Passing
MD Degree 22,367 96% 21,721 97%
1st Takers 21,531 97% 21,093 98%
Repeaters** 836 66% 628 72%
DO Degree 3,076 94% 3,476 97%
1st Takers 3,038 95% 3,445 97%
Repeaters** 38 74% 31 74%
Total 25,443 96% 25,197 97%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2017 - 2018 Number Tested 2018 - 2019* Percent Passing 2017 - 2018 Number Tested 2018 - 2019* Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,469 83% 11,082 87%
Repeaters** 2,144 52% 1,859 57%
Total 13,613 78% 12,941 82%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30 whose scores were reported through January 29, 2020.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CS

Step 2 CS Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2017 - 2018 Number Tested 2017 - 2018 Percent Passing 2018 - 2019* Number Tested 2018 - 2019* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,543 94% 21,910 95%
1st Takers 20,438 95% 20,740 95%
Repeaters** 1,105 87% 1,170 87%
DO Degree 64 86% 44 86%
1st Takers 59 85% 41 85%
Repeaters** 5 100% 3
Total 21,607 94% 21,954 95%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2017 - 2018 Number Tested 2017 - 2018 Percent Passing 2018 - 2019* Number Tested 2018 - 2019* Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,223 75% 10,648 77%
Repeaters** 2,114 61% 2,535 66%
Total 13,337 73% 13,183 75%

* Data for Step CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 through June 30 whose scores were reported through January 29, 2020.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Step 2 CS Administrations 2017 - 2019* First Taker Passing Rates* for Subcomponents: Integrated Clinical Encounter (ICE), Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS), Spoken English Proficiency (SEP)
2017-2018 ICE 2017-2018 CIS 2017-2018 SEP 2018-2019 ICE 2018-2019 CIS 2018-2019 SEP
All US/Canadian Schools 96% 98% >99%** 96% 99% >99%**
All Non-US/Canadian Schools 81% 94% 93% 82% 95% 94%

* Data for Step 2 CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30 whose scores were reported through January 29, 2020.
** '>99%' is used to signify those passing rates that would otherwise round up to 100%.

Step 3

Step 3 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2018 Number Tested 2018 Percent Passing 2019* Number Tested 2019* Percent Passing
MD Degree 20,595 97% 20,611 98%
1st Takers 19,948 98% 20,023 98%
Repeaters** 647 73% 588 74%
DO Degree 23 96% 13 100%
1st Takers 23 96% 12 100%
Repeaters** 0 N/A 1
Total 20,618 97% 20,624 98%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2018 Number Tested 2018 Percent Passing 2019* Number Tested 2019*Percent Passing
1st Takers 8,913 90% 9,111 92%
Repeaters** 1,419 59% 1,235 64%
Total 10,332 86% 10,346 89%

* Represents data for examinees who tested in 2019 and reported through January 29, 2020.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.
N/A - not applicable.

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2018 Performance Data

USMLE Administration, Minimum Passing Scores, and Performance

Continuous test administration of the USMLE is available to all examinees. For Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3, which are the computer-based testing (CBT) components of the USMLE program, test scheduling and delivery are provided by Prometric. These CBT examinations are currently administered at more than 345 US/Canadian Prometric test centers and approximately 110 international Prometric test centers. Additional test centers are located at six medical schools in the United States. The Step 1 and Step 2 CK examinations are administered worldwide; the Step 3 examination is administered only in the United States.

For each of the Step examinations, once the registration process is completed, applicants make their own appointment to take the examination at a location and time most convenient to their schedule. Examination results are processed continuously, and scores are reported weekly. Most examinees taking the computer-based Step examinations receive their scores approximately three to four weeks after their test date. Individual score reports are made available to examinees via a secure website.

A pass or fail result is provided, as a USMLE recommendation, for each examinee. Passing results are based on achievement of specified levels of proficiency established prior to administration of examinations. Statistical procedures are employed to insure that for each Step, the level of proficiency required to pass remains uniform across forms of the examination. As noted in the USMLE Bulletin of Information, the score required to meet the recommended level of proficiency is reviewed periodically and may be adjusted without prior notice. Notice of adjustments is posted in the USMLE Announcements. The USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines provides score interpretation information for Step 1, Step CK and Step 3 examinations.

Step 1

Step 1 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2017 Number Tested 2017 Percent Passing 2018* Number Tested 2018* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,382 94% 21,611 95%
1st Takers 20,353 96% 20,670 96%
Repeaters** 1,029 67% 941 67%
DO Degree 3,835 95% 4,136 96%
1st Takers 3,786 95% 4,092 96%
Repeaters** 49 76% 44 73%
Total 25,217 94% 25,747 94%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2018 and reported through January 30, 2019.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2017 Number Tested 2017 Percent Passing 2018* Number Tested 2018* Percent Passing
1st Takers 14,900 78% 14,332 80%
Repeaters** 2,303 41% 2,111 44%
Total 17,203 73% 16,443 75%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2018 and reported through January 30, 2019.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CK

Step 2 CK Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2016-2017 Number Tested 2016-2017 Percent Passing 2017-2018* Number Tested 2017-2018* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,071 95% 22,367 96%
1st Takers 20,140 96% 21,531 97%
Repeaters** 931 66% 836 66%
DO Degree 2,581 94% 3,076 94%
1st Takers 2,547 95% 3,038 95%
Repeaters** 34 68% 38 74%
Total 23,652 95% 25,443 96%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2016-2017 Number Tested 2016-2017 Percent Passing 2017-2018* Number Tested 2017-2018* Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,949 81% 11,469 83%
Repeaters** 2,342 50% 2,144 52%
Total 14,291 76% 13,613 78%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CS

Step 2 CS Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2016-2017 Number Tested 2016-2017 Percent Passing 2017-2018* Number Tested 2017-2018* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,064 96% 21,543 94%
1st Takers 20,285 96% 20,438 95%
Repeaters** 779 90% 1,105 87%
DO Degree 46 96% 64 86%
1st Takers 45 96% 59 85%
Repeaters** 1 5 100
Total 21,110 96% 21,607 94%

* Data for Step CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 through June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2016-2017 Number Tested 2016-2017 Percent Passing 2017-2018* Number Tested 2017-2018* Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,790 82% 11,223 75%
Repeaters** 1,968 72% 2,114 61%
Total 13,758 81% 13,337 73%

* Data for Step CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 through June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Step 2 CS Administrations 2017 - 2018 First Taker Passing Rates* for Subcomponents: Integrated Clinical Encounter (ICE), Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS), Spoken English Proficiency (SEP)
Breakdown 2016-2017 ICE 2016-2017 CIS 2016-2017 SEP 2017-2018 ICE 2017-2018 CIS 2017-2018 SEP
All US/Canadian Schools 97% 99% >99%** 96% 98% >99%**
All Non-US/Canadian Schools 85% 95% 99% 81% 94% 93%

* Data for Step 2 CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** >99% is used to signify those passing rates that would otherwise round up to 100%.

Step 3

Step 3 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2017 Number Tested 2017 Percent Passing 2018* Number Tested 2018* Percent Passing
MD Degree 20,094 97% 20,595 97%
1st Takers 19,405 98% 19,948 98%
Repeaters** 689 73% 647 73%
DO Degree 13 100% 23 96%
1st Takers 13 100% 23 96%
Repeaters** 0 N/A 0 N/A
Total 20,107 97% 20,618 97%

* Represents data for examinees who tested in 2018 and reported through January 30, 2019.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.
N/A - not applicable.

Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2017 Number Tested 2017 Percent Passing 2018* Number Tested 2018* Percent Passing
1st Takers 8,226 88% 8,913 90%
Repeaters** 1,439 60% 1,419 59%
Total 9,665 84% 10,332 86%

* Represents data for examinees who tested in 2018 and reported through January 30, 2019.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.
N/A - not applicable.

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2017 Performance Data

USMLE Administration, Minimum Passing Scores, and Performance

Continuous test administration of the USMLE is available to all examinees. For Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3, which are the computer-based testing (CBT) components of the USMLE program, test scheduling and delivery are provided by Prometric. These CBT examinations are currently administered at more than 345 US/Canadian Prometric test centers and approximately 110 international Prometric test centers. Additional test centers are located at six medical schools in the United States. The Step 1 and Step 2 CK examinations are administered worldwide; the Step 3 examination is administered only in the United States.

For each of the Step examinations, once the registration process is completed, applicants make their own appointment to take the examination at a location and time most convenient to their schedule. Examination results are processed continuously, and scores are reported weekly. Most examinees taking the computer-based Step examinations receive their scores approximately three to four weeks after their test date. Individual score reports are made available to examinees via a secure website.

A pass or fail result is provided, as a USMLE recommendation, for each examinee. Passing results are based on achievement of specified levels of proficiency established prior to administration of examinations. Statistical procedures are employed to insure that for each Step, the level of proficiency required to pass remains uniform across forms of the examination. As noted in the USMLE Bulletin of Information, the score required to meet the recommended level of proficiency is reviewed periodically and may be adjusted without prior notice. Notice of adjustments is posted in the USMLE Announcements. The USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines provides score interpretation information for Step 1, Step CK and Step 3 examinations.

Step 1

Step 1 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2016 Number Tested 2016 Percent Passing 2017* Number Tested 2017* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,122 94% 21,382 94%
1st Takers 20,122 96% 20,353 96%
Repeaters** 1000 64% 1,029 67%
DO Degree 3,454 93% 3,835 95%
1st Takers 3,398 94% 3,786 95%
Repeaters** 56 75% 49 76%
Total 24,576 94% 25,217 94%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2016 Number Tested 2016 Percent Passing 2017* Number Tested 2017* Percent Passing
1st Takers 15,031 78% 14,900 78%
Repeaters** 2,575 39% 2,303 41%
Total 17,606 72% 17,203 73%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2017 and reported through January 31, 2018.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CK

Step 2 CK Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2015 - 2016 Number Tested 2015 - 2016 Percent Passing 2016 - 2017* Number Tested 2016 - 2017* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,515 96% 21,071 95%
1st Takers 20,535 97% 20,140 96%
Repeaters** 980 71% 931 66%
DO Degree 2,272 94% 2,581 94%
1st Takers 2,228 94% 2,547 95%
Repeaters** 44 84% 34 68%
Total 23,787 95% 23,652 95%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2015 - 2016 Number Tested 2015 - 2016 Percent Passing 2016 - 2017* Number Tested 2016 - 2017* Percent Passing
1st Takers 12,720 80% 11,949 81%
Repeaters** 2,738 53% 2,342 50%
Total 15,440 75% 14,291 76%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CS

Step 2 CS Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2015 - 2016 Number Tested 2015 - 2016 Percent Passing 2016 - 2017* Number Tested 2016 - 2017* Percent Passing
MD Degree 20,622 97% 21,064 96%
1st Takers 19,906 97% 20,285 96%
Repeaters** 716 85% 779 90%
DO Degree 46 91% 46 96%
1st Takers 46 91% 45 96%
Repeaters** 0 0 1
Total 20,668 97% 21,110 96%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2015 - 2016 Number Tested 2015 - 2016 Percent Passing 2016 - 2017* Number Tested 2016 - 2017* Percent Passing
1st Takers 12,051 82% 11,790 82%
Repeaters** 2,300 71% 1,968 72%
Total 14,351 81% 13,758 81%

* Data for Step CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 through June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Step 2 CS Administrations First Taker Passing Rates* for Subcomponents: Integrated Clinical Encounter (ICE), Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS), Spoken English Proficiency (SEP)
Breakdown 2015-2016 ICE 2015-2016 CIS 2015-2016 SEP 2016-2017 ICE 2016-2017 CIS 2016-2017 SEP
All US/Canadian Schools 98% 99% >99%** 97% 99% >99%**
All Non-US/Canadian Schools 87% 93% 98% 85% 95% 99%

* Data for Step 2 CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** >99% is used to signify those passing rates that would otherwise round up to 100%.

Step 3

Step 3 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2016 Number Tested 2016 Percent Passing 2017* Number Tested 2017* Percent Passing
MD Degree 19,574 96% 20,094 97%
1st Takers 18,977 97% 19,405 98%
Repeaters** 597 70% 689 73%
DO Degree 21 95% 13 100%
1st Takers 20 95% 13 100%
Repeaters** 1 0 0
Total 19,595 96% 20,107 97%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2016 Number Tested 2016 Percent Passing 2017* Number Tested 2017* Percent Passing
1st Takers 8,804 85% 8,226 88%
Repeaters** 1,355 53% 1,439 60%
Total 10,159 81% 9,665 84%

* Represents data for examinees who tested in 2017 and reported through January 31, 2018.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Icon/Carat/Down
2016 Performance Data

USMLE Administration, Minimum Passing Scores, and Performance

Continuous test administration of the USMLE is available to all examinees. For Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3, which are the computer-based testing (CBT) components of the USMLE program, test scheduling and delivery are provided by Prometric. These CBT examinations are currently administered at more than 345 US/Canadian Prometric test centers and approximately 110 international Prometric test centers. Additional test centers are located at six medical schools in the United States. The Step 1 and Step 2 CK examinations are administered worldwide; the Step 3 examination is administered only in the United States.

For each of the Step examinations, once the registration process is completed, applicants make their own appointment to take the examination at a location and time most convenient to their schedule. Examination results are processed continuously, and scores are reported weekly. Most examinees taking the computer-based Step examinations receive their scores approximately three to four weeks after their test date. Individual score reports are made available to examinees via a secure website.

A pass or fail result is provided, as a USMLE recommendation, for each examinee. Passing results are based on achievement of specified levels of proficiency established prior to administration of examinations. Statistical procedures are employed to insure that for each Step, the level of proficiency required to pass remains uniform across forms of the examination. As noted in the USMLE Bulletin of Information, the score required to meet the recommended level of proficiency is reviewed periodically and may be adjusted without prior notice. Notice of adjustments is posted in the USMLE Announcements. The USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines provides score interpretation information for Step 1, Step CK and Step 3 examinations.

Step 1

Step 1 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2015 Number Tested 2015 Percent Passing 2016* Number Tested 2016* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,111 94% 21,122 94%
1st Takers 20,213 96% 20,122 96%
Repeaters** 898 68% 1,000 64%
DO Degree 3,222 93% 3,454 93%
1st Takers 3,185 93% 3,398 94%
Repeaters** 37 65% 56 75%
Total 24,333 94% 24,576 94%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2015 Number Tested 2015 Percent Passing 2016* Number Tested 2016* Percent Passing
1st Takers 15,030 78% 15,031 78%
Repeaters** 2,719 38% 2,575 39%
Total 17,749 72% 17,606 72%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2016 and reported through February 3, 2017.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CK

Step 2 CK Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2014-2015 Number Tested 2014-2015 Percent Passing 2015-2016* Number Tested 2015-2016* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,174 94% 21,515 96%
1st Takers 20,120 96% 20,535 97%
Repeaters** 1,054 65% 980 71%
DO Degree 2,143 92% 2,272 94%
1st Takers 2,104 92% 2,228 94%
Repeaters** 39 67% 44 84%
Total 23,317 94% 23,787 95%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2014-2015 Number Tested 2014-2015 Percent Passing 2015-2016* Number Tested 2015-2016* Percent Passing
1st Takers 12,247 75% 12,720 80%
Repeaters** 2,409 46% 2,738 53%
Total 14,656 71% 15,440 75%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CS

Step 2 CS Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2014-2015 Number Tested 2014-2015 Percent Passing 2015-2016* Number Tested 2015-2016* Percent Passing
MD Degree 20,190 96% 20,622 97%
1st Takers 19,373 96% 19,906 97%
Repeaters** 817 86% 716 85%
DO Degree 62 90% 46 91%
1st Takers 61 90% 46 91%
Repeaters** 1 0 N/A
Total 20,252 96% 20,668 97%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2014 - 2015 Number Tested 2014 - 2015 Percent Passing 2015 - 2016* Number Tested 2015 - 2016* Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,782 80% 12,051 82%
Repeaters** 2,760 71% 2,300 71%
Total 14,542 78% 14,351 81%

* Data for Step CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 through June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Step 2 CS Administrations 2015 - 2016 First Taker Passing Rates* for Subcomponents: Integrated Clinical Encounter (ICE), Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS), Spoken English Proficiency (SEP)
2014-2015 ICE 2014-2015 CIS 2014-2015 SEP 2015-2016 ICE 2015-2016 CIS 2015-2016 SEP
All US/Canadian Schools 98% 98% >99%** 98% 99% >99%**
All Non-US/Canadian Schools 86% 91% 98% 87% 93% 98%

* Data for Step 2 CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** '>99%' is used to signify those passing rates that would otherwise round up to 100%.

Step 3

Step 3 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2015 Number Tested 2015 Percent Passing 2016 Number Tested* 2016 Percent Passing*
MD Degree 17,864 98% 19,574 96%
1st Takers 17,296 98% 18,977 97%
Repeaters** 568 74% 597 70%
DO Degree 23 83% 21 95%
1st Takers 21 91% 20 95%
Repeaters** 2 1
Total 17,887 98% 19,595 96%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2015 Number Tested 2015 Percent Passing 2016 Number Tested* 2016 Percent Passing*
1st Takers 7,637 89% 8,804 86%
Repeaters** 1,344 57% 1,355 53%
Total 8,981 85% 10,159 81%

* Represents data for examinees who tested in 2016 and reported through February 3, 2017.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Icon/Carat/Down
2015 Performance Data

USMLE Administration, Minimum Passing Scores, and Performance

Continuous test administration of the USMLE is available to all examinees. For Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3, which are the computer-based testing (CBT) components of the USMLE program, test scheduling and delivery are provided by Prometric. These CBT examinations are currently administered at more than 345 US/Canadian Prometric test centers and approximately 110 international Prometric test centers. Additional test centers are located at six medical schools in the United States. The Step 1 and Step 2 CK examinations are administered worldwide; the Step 3 examination is administered only in the United States.

For each of the Step examinations, once the registration process is completed, applicants make their own appointment to take the examination at a location and time most convenient to their schedule. Examination results are processed continuously, and scores are reported weekly. Most examinees taking the computer-based Step examinations receive their scores approximately three to four weeks after their test date. Individual score reports are made available to examinees via a secure website.

A pass or fail result is provided, as a USMLE recommendation, for each examinee. Passing results are based on achievement of specified levels of proficiency established prior to administration of examinations. Statistical procedures are employed to insure that for each Step, the level of proficiency required to pass remains uniform across forms of the examination. As noted in the USMLE Bulletin of Information, the score required to meet the recommended level of proficiency is reviewed periodically and may be adjusted without prior notice. Notice of adjustments is posted in the USMLE Announcements. The USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines provides score interpretation information for Step 1, Step CK and Step 3 examinations.

Step 1

Step 1 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2014 Number Tested 2014 Percent Passing 2015* Number Tested 2015* Percent Passing
MD Degree 20,394 95% 21,111 94%
1st Takers 19,582 96% 20,213 96%
Repeaters** 812 68% 898 68%
DO Degree 2,846 93% 3,222 93%
1st Takers 2,810 93% 3,185 93%
Repeaters** 36 69% 37 65%
Total 23,240 95% 24,333 94%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2014 Number Tested 2014 Percent Passing 2015* Number Tested 2015* Percent Passing
1st Takers 15,149 78% 15,030 78%
Repeaters** 2,889 38% 2,719 38%
Total 18,038 72% 17,749 72%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2015 and reported through February 3, 2016.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CK

Step 2 CK Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2013 - 2014 Number Tested 2013 - 2014 Percent Passing 2014 - 2015* Number Tested 2014 - 2015* Percent Passing
MD Degree 19,819 96% 21,174 94%
1st Takers 19,124 97% 20,120 96%
Repeaters** 695 70% 1,054 65%
DO Degree 1,908 94% 2,143 92%
1st Takers 1,886 95% 2,104 92%
Repeaters** 22 68% 39 67%
Total 21,727 96% 23,317 94%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2013 - 2014 Number Tested 2013 - 2014 Percent Passing 2014 - 2015* Number Tested 2014 - 2015* Percent Passing
1st Takers 12,713 80% 12,247 75%
Repeaters** 2,164 47% 2,409 46%
Total 14,877 75% 14,656 71%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CS

Step 2 CS Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2013 - 2014 Number Tested 2013 - 2014 Percent Passing 2014 - 2015* Number Tested 2014 - 2015* Percent Passing
MD Degree 19,745 95% 20,190 96%
1st Takers 18,874 96% 19,373 96%
Repeaters** 871 84% 817 86%
DO Degree 56 93% 62 90%
1st Takers 52 92% 61 90%
Repeaters** 4 1
Total 19,801 95% 20,252 96%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2013 - 2014 Number Tested 2013 - 2014 Percent Passing 2014 - 2015* Number Tested 2014 - 2015* Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,822 74% 11,782 80%
Repeaters** 3,041 66% 2,760 71%
Total 14,863 73% 14,542 78%

* Data for Step CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 through June 30.
**'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Step 2 CS Administrations First Taker Passing Rates* for Subcomponents: Integrated Clinical Encounter (ICE), Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS), Spoken English Proficiency (SEP)
Breakdown 2013-2014 ICE 2013-2014 CIS 2013-2014 SEP 2014-2015 ICE 2014-2015 CIS 2014-2015 SEP
All US/Canadian Schools 97% 98% >99%** 98% 98% >99%**
All Non-US/Canadian Schools 81% 89% 97% 86% 91% 98%

* Data for Step 2 CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** >99% is used to signify those passing rates that would otherwise round up to 100%.

Step 3

Step 3 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2014 Number Tested 2014 Percent Passing 2015* Number Tested 2015* Percent Passing
MD Degree 21,224 96% 17,864 98%
1st Takers 20,470 97% 17,296 98%
Repeaters** 754 73% 568 74%
DO Degree 27 100% 23 83%
1st Takers 27 100% 21 91%
Repeaters** 0 N/A 2
Total 21,251 96% 17,887 98%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2014 Number Tested 2014 Percent Passing 2015 Number Tested 2015 Percent Passing
1st Takers 9,983 87% 7,637 89%
Repeaters** 1,781 58% 1,344 57%
Total 11,764 82% 8,981 85%

* Represents data for examinees who tested in 2015 and reported through February 3, 2016.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.
N/A - not applicable.

Icon/Carat/Down
2014 Performance Data

USMLE Administration, Minimum Passing Scores, and Performance

Continuous test administration of the USMLE is available to all examinees. For Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3, which are the computer-based testing (CBT) components of the USMLE program, test scheduling and delivery are provided by Prometric. These CBT examinations are currently administered at more than 345 US/Canadian Prometric test centers and approximately 110 international Prometric test centers. Additional test centers are located at six medical schools in the United States. The Step 1 and Step 2 CK examinations are administered worldwide; the Step 3 examination is administered only in the United States.

For each of the Step examinations, once the registration process is completed, applicants make their own appointment to take the examination at a location and time most convenient to their schedule. Examination results are processed continuously, and scores are reported weekly. Most examinees taking the computer-based Step examinations receive their scores approximately three to four weeks after their test date. Individual score reports are made available to examinees via a secure website.

A pass or fail result is provided, as a USMLE recommendation, for each examinee. Passing results are based on achievement of specified levels of proficiency established prior to administration of examinations. Statistical procedures are employed to insure that for each Step, the level of proficiency required to pass remains uniform across forms of the examination. As noted in the USMLE Bulletin of Information, the score required to meet the recommended level of proficiency is reviewed periodically and may be adjusted without prior notice. Notice of adjustments is posted in the USMLE Announcements. The USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines provides score interpretation information for Step 1, Step CK and Step 3 examinations.

Step 1

Step 1 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2013 Number Tested 2013 Percent Passing 2014* Number Tested 2014* Percent Passing
MD Degree 20,023 95% 20,394 95%
1st Takers 19,108 97% 19,582 96%
Repeaters** 915 72% 812 68%
DO Degree 2,726 94% 2,846 93%
1st Takers 2,680 94% 2,810 93%
Repeaters** 46 74% 36 69%
Total 22,749 95% 23,240 95%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2013 Number Tested 2013 Percent Passing 2014* Number Tested 2014* Percent Passing
1st Takers 14,649 79% 15,149 78%
Repeaters** 3,772 44% 2,889 38%
Total 18,421 72% 18,038 72%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2014 and reported through February 5, 2015.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CK

Step 2 CK Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2012 - 2013 Number Tested 2012 - 2013 Percent Passing 2013 - 2014* Number Tested 2013 - 2014* Percent Passing
MD Degree 19,155 97% 19,819 96%
1st Takers 18,658 98% 19,124 97%
Repeaters** 497 74% 695 70%
DO Degree 1,634 96% 1,908 94%
1st Takers 1,615 96% 1,886 95%
Repeaters** 19 84% 22 68%
Total 20,789 97% 21,727 96%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2012 - 2013 Number Tested 2012 - 2013 Percent Passing 2013 - 2014* Number Tested 2013 - 2014* Percent Passing
1st Takers 12,203 84% 12,713 80%
Repeaters** 1,948 50% 2,164 47%
Total 14,151 80% 14,877 75%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CS

Step 2 CS Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2012 - 2013* Number Tested 2012 - 2013* Percent Passing 2013 - 2014** Number Tested 2013 - 2014** Percent Passing
MD Degree 20,201 97% 19,745 95%
1st Takers 19,757 98% 18,874 96%
Repeaters† 444 80% 871 84%
DO Degree 66 89% 56 93%
1st Takers 63 89% 52 92%
Repeaters† 3 4
Total 20,267 97% 19,801 95%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2012 - 2013* Number Tested 2012 - 2013* Percent Passing 2013 - 2014** Number Tested 2013 - 2014** Percent Passing
1st Takers 12,083 76% 11,822 74%
Repeaters† 2,393 59% 3,041 66%
Total 14,476 73% 14,863 73%

* Data for 2012-2013 are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 17, 2012 through June 30, 2013.
** Data for 2013-2014 are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1, 2013 through June 30, 2014.
† 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
‡ Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Step 2 CS Administrations First Taker Passing Rates* for Subcomponents: Integrated Clinical Encounter (ICE), Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS), Spoken English Proficiency (SEP)
Breakdown 2012-2013* ICE 2012-2013* CIS 2012-2013* SEP 2013-2014** ICE 2013-2014** CIS 2013-2014** SEP
All US/Canadian Schools 98% 99% >99%† 97% 98% >99%†
All Non-US/Canadian Schools 81% 92% 97% 81% 89% 97%

* Data for 2012-2013 are provided for examinees tested during the period of June 17, 2012 through June 30, 2013.

** Data for 2013-2014 are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1, 2013 through June 30, 2014.

† >99% is used to signify those passing rates that would otherwise round up to 100%.

Step 3

Step 3 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2013 Number Tested 2013 Percent Passing 2014* Number Tested 2014* Percent Passing
MD Degree 19,886 96% 21,223 96%
1st Takers 19,086 97% 20,468 97%
Repeaters** 800 78% 755 73%
DO Degree 25 92% 27 100%
1st Takers 23 96% 27 100%
Repeaters** 2
Total 19,911 96% 21,250 96%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2013 Number Tested 2013 Percent Passing 2014* Number Tested 2014* Percent Passing
1st Takers 8,781 87% 9,982 87%
Repeaters** 1,978 64% 1,780 58%
Total 10,759 83% 11,762 83%

* Represents data for examinees who tested in 2014. These data differ from the numbers published in the 2014 NBME Annual Report because they include the performance of examinees who tested in November and December 2014 and whose score release date was beyond the publication date of that report.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Icon/Carat/Down
2013 Performance Data

USMLE Administration, Minimum Passing Scores, and Performance

Continuous test administration of the USMLE is available to all examinees. For Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3, which are the computer-based testing (CBT) components of the USMLE program, test scheduling and delivery are provided by Prometric. These CBT examinations are currently administered at more than 345 US/Canadian Prometric test centers and approximately 110 international Prometric test centers. Additional test centers are located at six medical schools in the United States. The Step 1 and Step 2 CK examinations are administered worldwide; the Step 3 examination is administered only in the United States.

For each of the Step examinations, once the registration process is completed, applicants make their own appointment to take the examination at a location and time most convenient to their schedule. Examination results are processed continuously, and scores are reported weekly. Most examinees taking the computer-based Step examinations receive their scores approximately three to four weeks after their test date. Individual score reports are made available to examinees via a secure website.

A pass or fail result is provided, as a USMLE recommendation, for each examinee. Passing results are based on achievement of specified levels of proficiency established prior to administration of examinations. Statistical procedures are employed to insure that for each Step, the level of proficiency required to pass remains uniform across forms of the examination. As noted in the USMLE Bulletin of Information, the score required to meet the recommended level of proficiency is reviewed periodically and may be adjusted without prior notice. Notice of adjustments is posted in the USMLE Announcements. The USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines provides score interpretation information for Step 1, Step CK and Step 3 examinations.

Step 1

Step 1 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2012 Number Tested 2012 Percent Passing 2013* Number Tested 2013* Percent Passing
MD Degree 19,856 94% 20,023 95%
1st Takers 18,723 96% 19,108 97%
Repeaters** 1,133 68% 915 72%
DO Degree 2,564 91% 2,726 94%
1st Takers 2,496 92% 2,680 94%
Repeaters** 68 68% 46 74%
Total 22,420 94% 22,749 95%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2012 Number Tested 2012 Percent Passing 2013* Number Tested 2013* Percent Passing
1st Takers 14,201 76% 14,649 79%
Repeaters** 4,261 40% 3,772 44%
Total 18,462 68% 18,421 72%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2013 and reported through February 5, 2014.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CK

Step 2 CK Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2011-2012 Number Tested 2011-2012 Percent Passing 2012-2013* Number Tested 2012-2013* Percent Passing
MD Degree 18,929 97% 19,155 97%
1st Takers 18,454 98% 18,658 98%
Repeaters** 475 72% 497 74%
DO Degree 1,456 96% 1,634 96%
1st Takers 1,439 97% 1,615 96%
Repeaters** 17 53% 19 84%
Total 20,385 97% 20,789 97%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2011-2012 Number Tested 2011-2012 Percent Passing 2012-2013* Number Tested 2012-2013* Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,908 85% 12,203 84%
Repeaters** 2,191 54% 1,948 50%
Total 14,099 80% 14,151 80%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CS

Step 2 CS Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2011-2012* Number Tested 2011-2012* Percent Passing 2012-2013** Number Tested 2012-2013** Percent Passing
MD Degree 17,118 97% 20,201 97%
1st Takers 16,662 97% 19,757 98%
Repeaters† 456 92% 444 80%
DO Degree 46 87% 66 89%
1st Takers 45 87% 63 89%
Repeaters† 1 3
Total 17,164 97% 20,267 97%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2011-2012* Number Tested 2011-2012* Percent Passing 2012-2013** Number Tested 2012-2013** Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,515 80% 12,083 76%
Repeaters† 2,265 65% 2,393 59%
Total 13,780 77% 14,476 73%

* Data for 2011-2012 are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1, 2011 through May 19, 2012.
** Data for 2012-2013 are provided for examinees tested during the period of June 17, 2012 through June 30, 2013.
† 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
‡ Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Step 2 CS Administrations 2011-2013 First Taker Passing Rates for Subcomponents: Integrated Clinical Encounter (ICE), Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS), Spoken English Proficiency (SEP)
Breakdown 2011-2012** ICE 2011-2012** CIS 2011-2012** SEP 2012-2013† ICE 2012-2013† CIS 2012-2013† SEP
All US/Canadian Schools 98% 99% >99%* 98% 99% >99%*
All Non-US/Canadian Schools 86% 89% 97% 81% 92% 97%

* '>99%' is used to signify those passing rates that would otherwise round up to 100%.
** Data for 2011-2012 are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1, 2011 through May 19, 2012.
† Data for 2012-2013 are provided for examinees tested during the period of June 17, 2012 through June 30, 2013.

Step 3

Step 3 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2012 Number Tested 2012 Percent Passing 2013* Number Tested 2013* Percent Passing
MD Degree 19,056 95% 19,886 96%
1st Takers 18,172 96% 19,086 97%
Repeaters** 884 69% 800 78%
DO Degree 16 100% 25 92%
1st Takers 16 100% 23 96%
Repeaters** 0 N/A 2
Total 19,072 95% 19,911 96%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2012 Number Tested 2012 Percent Passing 2013* Number Tested 2013* Percent Passing
1st Takers 8,500 83% 8,781 87%
Repeaters** 2,006 56% 1,978 64%
Total 10,506 78% 10,759 83%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2013 and reported through February 5, 2014.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.
N/A - not applicable.

Icon/Carat/Down
2012 Performance Data

USMLE Administration, Minimum Passing Scores, and Performance

Continuous test administration of the USMLE is available to all examinees. For Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3, which are the computer-based testing (CBT) components of the USMLE program, test scheduling and delivery are provided by Prometric. These CBT examinations are currently administered at more than 345 US/Canadian Prometric test centers and approximately 110 international Prometric test centers. Additional test centers are located at six medical schools in the United States. The Step 1 and Step 2 CK examinations are administered worldwide; the Step 3 examination is administered only in the United States.

For each of the Step examinations, once the registration process is completed, applicants make their own appointment to take the examination at a location and time most convenient to their schedule. Examination results are processed continuously, and scores are reported weekly. Most examinees taking the computer-based Step examinations receive their scores approximately three to four weeks after their test date. Individual score reports are made available to examinees via a secure website.

A pass or fail result is provided, as a USMLE recommendation, for each examinee. Passing results are based on achievement of specified levels of proficiency established prior to administration of examinations. Statistical procedures are employed to insure that for each Step, the level of proficiency required to pass remains uniform across forms of the examination. As noted in the USMLE Bulletin of Information, the score required to meet the recommended level of proficiency is reviewed periodically and may be adjusted without prior notice. Notice of adjustments is posted in the USMLE Announcements. The USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines provides score interpretation information for Step 1, Step CK and Step 3 examinations.

Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2011 Number Tested 2011 Percent Passing 2012* Number Tested 2012* Percent Passing
MD Degree 19,810 93% 19,856 94%
1st Takers 18,312 94% 18,723 96%
Repeaters** 1,498 70% 1,133 68%
DO Degree 2,211 88% 2,564 91%
1st Takers 2,145 89% 2,496 92%
Repeaters** 66 65% 68 68%
Total 22,021 92% 22,420 94%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2011 Number Tested 2011 Percent Passing 2012* Number Tested 2012* Percent Passing
1st Takers 14,855 73% 14,201 76%
Repeaters** 4,621 36% 4,261 40%
Total 19,476 64% 18,462 68%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2012 and reported through February 6, 2013.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CK

Step 2 CK Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2010-2011* Number Tested 2010-2011* Percent Passing 2011-2012* Number Tested 2011-2012* Percent Passing
MD Degree 18,903 96% 18,929 97%
1st Takers 18,225 97% 18,454 98%
Repeaters** 678 68% 475 72%
DO Degree 1,092 93% 1,456 96%
1st Takers 1,071 93% 1,439 97%
Repeaters** 21 57% 17 53%
Total 19,995 96% 20,385 97%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2010-2011* Number Tested 2010-2011* Percent Passing 2011-2012* Number Tested 2011-2012* Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,594 82% 11,908 85%
Repeaters** 2,304 50% 2,191 54%
Total 13,898 77% 14,099 80%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CS

Step 2 CS Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2010-2011* Number Tested 2010-2011* Percent Passing 2011-2012** Number Tested 2011-2012** Percent Passing
MD Degree 18,294 98% 17,118 97%
1st Takers 17,852 98% 16,662 97%
Repeaters† 442 91% 456 92%
DO Degree 67 88% 46 87%
1st Takers 67 88% 45 87%
Repeaters† 0 N/A 1
Total 18,361 98% 17,164 97%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2010-2011* Number Tested 2010-2011* Percent Passing 2011-2012** Number Tested 2011-2012** Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,899 79% 11,515 80%
Repeaters† 3,143 67% 2,265 65%
Total 15,042 77% 13,780 77%

* Data for 2010-2011 are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1, 2010 through June 30, 2011.
** Data for 2011-2012 are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1, 2011 through May 19, 2012.
† 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
‡ Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.
N/A - not applicable.

Step 2 CS Administrations 2010-2012 First Taker Passing Rates for Subcomponents: Integrated Clinical Encounter (ICE), Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS), Spoken English Proficiency (SEP)
Breakdown 2010-2011** ICE 2010-2011** CIS 2010-2011** SEP 2011-2012† ICE 2011-2012† CIS 2011-2012† SEP
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 98% 99% >99%* 98% 99% >99%*
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 87% 89% 95% 86% 89% 97%

* '>99%' is used to signify those passing rates that would otherwise round up to 100%.
** Data for 2010-2011 are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1, 2010 through June 30, 2011.
† Data for 2011-2012 are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1, 2011 through May 19, 2012.

Step 3

Step 3 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2011 Number Tested 2011 Percent Passing 2012* Number Tested 2012* Percent Passing
MD Degree 18,314 96% 19,056 95%
1st Takers 17,486 97% 18,172 96%
Repeaters** 828 74% 884 69%
DO Degree 18 94% 16 100%
1st Takers 18 94% 16 100%
Repeaters** 0 N/A 0 N/A
Total 18,322 96% 19,072 95%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2011 Number Tested 2011 Percent Passing 2012* Number Tested 2012* Percent Passing
1st Takers 8,830 84% 8,500 83%
Repeaters** 2,244 60% 2,006 56%
Total 11,074 79% 10,506 78%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2012 and reported through February 6, 2013.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
N/A - not applicable.

Icon/Carat/Down
2011 Performance Data

USMLE Administration, Minimum Passing Scores, and Performance

Continuous test administration of the USMLE is available to all examinees. For Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3, which are the computer-based testing (CBT) components of the USMLE program, test scheduling and delivery are provided by Prometric. These CBT examinations are currently administered at more than 345 US/Canadian Prometric test centers and approximately 110 international Prometric test centers. Additional test centers are located at six medical schools in the United States. The Step 1 and Step 2 CK examinations are administered worldwide; the Step 3 examination is administered only in the United States.

For each of the Step examinations, once the registration process is completed, applicants make their own appointment to take the examination at a location and time most convenient to their schedule. Examination results are processed continuously, and scores are reported weekly. Most examinees taking the computer-based Step examinations receive their scores approximately three to four weeks after their test date. Individual score reports are made available to examinees via a secure website.

A pass or fail result is provided, as a USMLE recommendation, for each examinee. Passing results are based on achievement of specified levels of proficiency established prior to administration of examinations. Statistical procedures are employed to insure that for each Step, the level of proficiency required to pass remains uniform across forms of the examination. As noted in the USMLE Bulletin of Information, the score required to meet the recommended level of proficiency is reviewed periodically and may be adjusted without prior notice. Notice of adjustments is posted in the USMLE Announcements. The USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines provides score interpretation information for Step 1, Step CK and Step 3 examinations.

Step 1

Step 1 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2010 Number Tested 2010 Percent Passing 2011* Number Tested 2011* Percent Passing
MD Degree 19,842 90% 19,810 93%
1st Takers 18,116 92% 18,312 94%
Repeaters** 1,726 61% 1,498 70%
DO Degree 2,039 80% 2,211 88%
1st Takers 1,964 82% 2,145 89%
Repeaters** 75 41% 66 65%
Total 21,881 89% 22,021 92%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2010 Number Tested 2010 Percent Passing 2011* Number Tested 2011* Percent Passing
1st Takers 14,203 70% 14,855 73%
Repeaters** 4,656 33% 4,621 36%
Total 18,859 61% 19,476 64%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2011 and reported through February 8, 2012.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CK

Step 2 CK Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2009-2010* Number Tested 2009-2010* Percent Passing 2010-2011* Number Tested 2010-2011* Percent Passing
MD Degree 18,218 96% 18,903 96%
1st Takers 17,493 97% 18,225 97%
Repeaters** 725 68% 678 68%
DO Degree 1,002 91% 1,092 93%
1st Takers 982 92% 1,071 93%
Repeaters** 20 70% 21 57%
Total 19,220 96% 19,995 96%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2009-2010* Number Tested 2009-2010* Percent Passing 2010-2011* Number Tested 2010-2011* Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,422 83% 11,594 82%
Repeaters** 2,484 52% 2,304 50%
Total 13,906 78% 13,898 77%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of different examinees.

Step 2 CS

Step 2 CS Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2009-2010* Number Tested 2009-2010* Percent Passing 2010-2011* Number Tested 2010-2011* Percent Passing
MD Degree 18,087 97% 18,294 98%
1st Takers 17,518 97% 17,852 98%
Repeaters** 569 92% 442 91%
DO Degree 40 90% 67 88%
1st Takers 38 89% 67 88%
Repeaters** 2 0 N/A
Total 18,127 97% 18,361 98%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2009-2010* Number Tested 2009-2010* Percent Passing 2010-2011* Number Tested 2010-2011* Percent Passing
1st Takers 11,775 76% 11,899 79%
Repeaters** 3,428 65% 3,143 67%
Total 15,203 74% 15,042 77%

* Data for Step 2 CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of different examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.
N/A - not applicable.

Step 2 CS Administrations First Taker Passing Rates for Subcomponents: Integrated Clinical Encounter (ICE), Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS), Spoken English Proficiency (SEP)
Breakdown 2009-2010* ICE 2009-2010* CIS 2009-2010* SEP 2010-2011* ICE 2010-2011* CIS 2010-2011* SEP
All US / Canadian Schools 98% 99% > 99%** 98% 99% > 99%**
All Non US / Canadian Schools 85% 87% 95% 87% 89% 9%

* Data for Step 2 CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** '>99' is used to signify those passing rates that would otherwise round up to 100%.

Step 3

Step 3 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2010 Number Tested 2010 Percent Passing 2011* Number Tested 2011* Percent Passing
MD Degree 18,448 95% 18,314 96%
1st Takers 17,332 96% 17,486 97%
Repeaters** 1,116 75% 828 74%
DO Degree 14 100% 18 94%
1st Takers 14 100% 18 94%
Repeaters** 0 N/A 0 N/A
Total 18,462 95% 18,332 96%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2010 Number Tested 2010 Percent Passing 2011* Number Tested 2011* Percent Passing
1st Takers 9,182 83% 8,830 84%
Repeaters** 2,759 61% 2,244 60%
Total 11,941 78% 11,074 79%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2011 and reported through February 8, 2012.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of different examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

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2010 Performance Data

USMLE Administration and Minimum Passing Scores

Continuous test administration of the USMLE is available to all examinees. For Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3, which are the computerbased testing (CBT) components of the USMLE program, test scheduling and delivery are provided by Prometric. These CBT examinations are currently administered at more than 350 US/Canadian Prometric test centers and approximately 110 international Prometric test centers. Additional test centers are located at six medical schools in the United States. The Step 1 and Step 2 CK examinations are administered worldwide; the Step 3 examination is administered in the United States only.

Step 2 Clinical Skills (CS) is a standardized patient examination. Scheduling and test delivery for Step 2 CS is provided by the Clinical Skills Evaluation Collaboration (CSEC). There are five CSEC centers.

For each Step examination, a pass or fail result is provided, as a USMLE recommendation, for each examinee. Passing results are based on achievement of specified levels of proficiency established prior to administration of examinations. Statistical procedures are employed to insure that for each Step, the level of proficiency required to pass remains uniform across forms of the examination. As noted in the USMLE Bulletin of Information, the score required to meet the recommended level of proficiency is reviewed periodically and may be adjusted without prior notice. An announcement will be posted in the event of an adjustment. The USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines provides score interpretation information for Step 1, Step CK and Step 3 examinations.

Step 1

Step 1 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2009 Number Tested 2009 Percent Passing 2010* Number Tested 2010* Percent Passing
MD Degree 19,499 92% 19,842 90%
1st Takers 18,003 94% 18,116 92%
Repeaters** 1,496 65% 1,726 61%
DO Degree 1,863 80% 2,039 80%
1st Takers 1,808 81% 1,964 82%
Repeaters** 55 49% 75 41%
Total 21,362 91% 21,881 89%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2009 Number Tested 2009 Percent Passing 2010* Number Tested 2010* Percent Passing
1st Takers 14,055 73% 14,203 70%
Repeaters** 4,881 36% 4,656 33%
Total 18,936 63% 18,859 61%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2010 and reported through February 2, 2011.
**Repeaters represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CK

Step 2 CK Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2008-2009 Number Tested* 2008-2009 Percent Passing* 2009-2010 Number Tested* 2009-2010 Percent Passing*
MD Degree 17,842 96% 18,218 96%
1st Takers 17,060 97% 17,493 97%
Repeaters** 782 72% 725 68%
DO Degree 829 90% 1,002 91%
1st Takers 806 90% 982 92%
Repeaters** 23 78% 20 70%
Total 18,671 95% 19,220 96%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2008-2009 Number Tested* 2008-2009 Percent Passing* 2009-2010 Number Tested* 2009-2010 Percent Passing*
1st Takers 11,868 83% 11,422 83%
Repeaters** 2,865 54% 2,484 52%
Total 14,733 78% 13,906 78%

* Data for Step 2 CK are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** 'Repeaters' represents examinations given, not number of examinees.

Step 2 CS

Step 2 CS Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2008-2009 Number Tested* 2008-2009 Percent Passing* 2009-2010 Number Tested* 2009-2010 Percent Passing*
MD Degree 17,586 97% 18,087 97%
1st Takers 17,054 97% 17,518 97%
Repeaters** 532 89% 569 92%
DO Degree 51 88% 40 90%
1st Takers 47 92% 38 89%
Repeaters** 4 2
Total 17,637 97% 18,127 97%
Examinees from Non-US/Canadian Schools 2008-2009 Number Tested* 2008-2009 Percent Passing* 2009-2010 Number Tested* 2009-2010 Percent Passing*
1st Takers 13,181 73% 11,775 76%
Repeaters** 3,836 64% 3,428 65%
Total 17,017 71% 15,203 74%

* Data for Step 2 CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** Repeaters represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.

Step 2 CS Administrations First Taker Passing Rates for Subcomponents: Integrated Clinical Encounter (ICE), Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS), Spoken English Proficiency (SEP)

Breakdown 2008-2009* ICE 2008-2009* CIS 2008-2009* SEP 2009-2010* ICE 2009-2010* CIS 2009-2010* SEP
All US / Canadian Schools 98% 99% > 99%** 98% 99% > 99%**
All Non US / Canadian Schools 84% 84% 94% 85% 87% 95%

* Data for Step 2 CS are provided for examinees tested during the period of July 1 to June 30.
** '>99' is used to signify those passing rates that would otherwise round up to 100%.

Step 3

Step 3 Administrations
Examinees from US/Canadian Schools 2009 Number Tested 2009 Percent Passing 2010* Number Tested 2010* Percent Passing
MD Degree 18,361 93% 18,448 95%
1st Takers 17,170 94% 17,332 96%
Repeaters** 1,191 72% 1,116 75%
DO Degree 25 96% 14 100%
1st Takers 23 100% 14 100%
Repeaters** 2 0 N/A
Total 18,386 93% 18,462 95%
Examinees from Non - US/Canadian Schools 2009 Number Tested 2009 Percent Passing 2010* Number Tested 2010* Percent Passing
1st Takers 9,117 79% 9,182 83%
Repeaters** 3,154 58% 2,759 61%
Total 12,271 73% 11,941 78%

* Represents data for examinees tested in 2010 and reported through February 2, 2011.
** Repeaters represents examinations given, not number of examinees.
† Performance data not reported for categories containing fewer than 5 examinees.
N/A – not applicable.